The Impact of Drug Policy on Human Rights: The Experience in the Americas

This publication is based on the report presented during a regional hearing before the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) in March 2014 regarding the impact of drug policies on human rights in the Americas. The report, prepared by 17 organizations from 11 countries, shows how the “War on Drugs” deployed in the last 50 years has had an enormous impact on the functioning of security, justice and prison systems in Latin America. This scenario has led to an increase in the criminalization of drug use, the toughening of penalties, mass incarceration and inhumane detention conditions.

Table of contents

1

Prohibition under debate

2

Militarization and violence

3

Criminalization of drug use

4

The erosion of due process and mass detentions

5

Disproportionate punishments

6

Mass incarceration and inhumane detention conditions

7

Forced crop eradication campaigns

8

Limits and shortcomings in access to health care

9

Drug policies in light of International Human Rights Law

10

New approaches given the failure of prohibition

Author: CELS
68 pgs
Publisher: CELS