Lethal in Disguise: The Health Consequences of Crowd-Control Weapons

This report aims to raise awareness about the misuse and abuse of crowd-control weapons (CCWs), the detrimental health effects that these weapons can have, and the impact of their use on the meaningful enjoyment of freedom of assembly and expression. We also seek to foster a global debate to develop international standards and guidelines. Ultimately, our goal is to prevent injury, disability, and death by providing information about CCWs and insisting on their safe use. The misuse of CCWs and the human rights concerns that arise from this misuse are the result of a number of factors, the most significant of which are: gaps in international standards and regulations; insufficient testing, training, and regulations; a rapidly-growing industry; and a lack of accountability. There are many flagrant examples of the misuse of CCWs, some of which are documented in case studies included in this report. These troubling case studies, and others, are included throughout this report to put the medical evidence into context.



Executive summary






Crowd-Control Weapons and Their Impact on Health


Conclusion and Recommendations



Autor/a: International Network of Civil Liberties Organizations (INCLO) and Physicians for Human Rights (PHR)
56 pgs.
Editorial: INCLO